Beet cultivation has several purposes where cultivation of beets for sugar production is the largest production area. In addition, a smaller area is cultivated for the production of feed and bio gas.
Beet cultivation is especially interesting because of a very big yield and furthermore, beets are a safe crop. Beets are broad-leafed crops and a good exchange crop in a crop rotation with grains. The cultivation takes place near the sugar factories.
Beets is the crop with the biggest yield potential in our climate conditions. Through many years genetic mono-germ seeds have been used, so that only the necessary number of beets per hectare are sown. Beets sown in rows with a row distance of typically 50 cm. This means that beets are relatively open crops until mid-summer where the rows are closed. Therefore, the beets need very effective weed-control, because weeds will lower the yield significantly.
Beets can be attacked by the leaf fungus:
- Beet mildew
- Beet rust
Even greater yields are obtained with sugar beets, with more than 700 kg pure sugar per hectare, by performing fungus control of the beets twice.